• General Information
    • CAPITALKathmandu

    • AREA147,181 Square Kilometre

    • ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONSAdministratively Nepal is divided into Provinces, Districts, Village development committees, Metropolitan areas and Municipalities. As of 20 September 2015 Nepal is divided into 7 provinces.

    • TIME DIFFERENCE + 5.45 hrs of GMT

  • Visa

    Nepal extends visas to citizens of almost all nations. Indian nationals do not require a visa to enter Nepal; neither do residents of other SAARC countries and China. Travellers from other nations do not need a visa to be in Nepal for three or fewer days. Visa must be obtained for staying over the initial period of three days. Free visa is to be given to tourists for re-entry to Nepal provided they stay at least for 15 days in the country in that visa year.

    Very recently Government of Nepal has started online visa application process. You have to fill the online visa form through the website, please visit: www.online.nepalimmigration.gov.np .

  • Airport & Customs

    Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) is the only gateway to Kathmandu for the tourists who come by air. It is situated about 4.5 miles east of the city (about 25 minutes’ drive). TIA is also in between all the three major cities of Kathmandu Valley namely Kathmandu, Bhaktapur and Patan. Facilities of bank, duty free shop, restaurants and tourist information centre is available at TIA.

    Details of customs at the airport is elaborated on: http://www.customs.gov.np/en/faq.html

    Reporting Time:
    • 03 hours prior to departure time for international flight
    • 01 hour prior to departure time for domestic flights
  • Travel Insurance

    It is essential that you take out comprehensive travel insurance prior to your travel. Your travel insurance must provide cover against personal accident, medical expenses, emergency evacuation and expatriation (including helicopter evacuation, in case of Trekking) and personal liability. We also recommend that it cover cancelation, curtailment and loss of luggage and personal effects.

  • Health

    There are no specific health requirements for entry into Nepal. However, you should consult your doctor for up-to-date information regarding vaccinations, and medications for any reasonably foreseeable illnesses whilst travelling in Nepal. Be aware that some drugs, including anti-malarial, have side effects at altitude. Please discuss this carefully with your doctor. Please be aware that travel to remote areas is included in many itineraries of Nepal.

  • Electricity

    The voltage in Nepal is 220v/50Hz

  • Currency

    The Nepalese rupee is the official currency of Nepal. The Rupee notes come in denominations of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1000.

    All major foreign currencies are accepted and it is advisable to bring a mixture of large and small denominations. Cash, ATM cards are mostly used in Nepal. Both Visa card and Master card are accepted by ATM machines.

  • Languages

    English is widely spoken throughout Nepal, especially in the major centres. The official language of Nepal is Nepali.

  • Business Hours

    Government offices are open from 1000 to 1700 hours Sunday through Thursday in Summer (April to September) and from 10001600 in Winter (October to March).

    On Fridays Government offices open from 1000 to 1500 hours. Most business offices including travel, trekking and tour agencies are open from 0900 to 1800 hours Sunday through Saturday. Embassies and international organizations are open from 0900 to 1700 hours Monday through Friday. Most shops open after 1000 hours, close at about 1900-2000 hours and are usually closed on Saturday.

    Office Hours of Nepal Immigration
  • Sunday to Thursday: 1000 to 1700 hours in summer & 1000 to 1600 hours in winter (November to January)
  • Friday: 1000 to 1500 hours
  • Visa Application Hours: Sunday to Thursday: 1000 to 1500 hours | Friday 100 to 1300 hours


  • Religion & Social Customs

    Nepal is multi-cultural, multi-lingual, multi-religious country. When entering rooms in Nepalese home it is polite to remove shoes. Always walk clockwise around Buddhist stupas, chortens or mani walls. It is customary to remove shoes and any items made from leather such as belts and bags before entering a Buddhist or Hindu temple.

  • Tipping

    Tipping is not compulsory in Nepal and is at the discretion of the guests.

  • Valuables

    Travel with the absolute minimum. It is not advisable to carry valuable jewellery. Money should be taken in traveller’s cheques, with the receipt numbers retained separately in case they are lost or stolen. Cash kept on your person should be minimum. Where possible, leave any valuables, documents and passports in your hotel safety deposit box. Your luggage is particularly vulnerable at airports, railway stations or where crowds gather.

  • Food & Water

    Only drink bottled water and always check that the seal is secure. Mineral water is readily available. Avoid food and drink from street vendors and restaurants that look suspect with their refrigeration and sanitary practices.

  • Climate & Weather Chart


    Max av temp (C) 7 8 12 18 20 23 24 24 22 18 12 8
    Min av temp (C) 24 26 33 35 35 35 33 33 32 31 29 24
    Av rain (mm) 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.5 20.0 30.0 50.0 45.0 40.0 10.0 0.5 0.5


    Max av temp (C) 19 20 25 30 30 30 20 29 27 23 22 20
    Min av temp (C) 2 4 8 11 16 20 21 20 19 15 4 2
    Av rain (mm) 25 25 75 50 100 225 315 360 175 50 10 10


    Max av temp (C) 20 21 27 30 30 30 30 30 29 27 23 20
    Min av temp (C) 8 8 11 16 19 20 21 21 20 18 11 8
    Av rain (mm) 15 15 30 50 300 575 800 700 575 220 20 5
    Recommended Clothing

    Light clothing and rainwear is needed for the summer months, with heavier clothes required in the mountains or when visiting between October and April. For trekking, it is good to take a combination, so that layers can be added and removed as necessary.

  • Communication

    SIM cards are available upon arrival at the airport. Major dealers are NTC (Nepal Tele-communication) and Ncell.


  • Recommended Packing List

    You will need to bring a comfortable medium sized daypack to carry the things you will need during the day. This should have a waist strap or (better) a padded waist belt.

    • Rain jacket or poncho
    • Running shoes or sandals for evening
    • Lightweight sweater/jacket
    • T-shirts - 2 or 3
    • Shirt - long-sleeved
    • Pants: lightweight long trousers
    • Hats - beanie with ear flaps or balaclava for nights / peaked ‘French Legionnaire’ style sun hat that will give neck protection during the day – depending on the month of the year you are travelling
    • Gloves (For winter season)
    • Binocular
    • Scarf
    • Underwear
    • Sunglasses
    • Sewing kit
    • Money belt
    • Torch / flashlight - headlamp style is ideal
    • Swiss Army Knife
    • First Aid Kit
  • Legal Drinking Age

    Legal drinking age is above 18 and smoking is prohibited at public places.