• General Information
    • CAPITALNew Delhi

    • AREA3.3 million sq. km, stretching from the Himalayas in the north to the Indian Ocean in the south

    • ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS29 States and 7 Union Territories

    • TIME DIFFERENCE 51/2 hours ahead of GMT (winter) and 41⁄2 hours ahead of GMT (summer)

    • NATIONAL HOLIDAYS January 26 – Republic Day, August 15 – Independence Day and October 2 –Mahatma Gandhi’s Birthday

  • Visa

    Citizens of all countries require a valid national passport (valid for at least 6 months) and valid Visa granted by Indian Missions abroad or e-Visa for entering India authorised by Government of India on https://indianvisaonline.gov.in/ . Before grant of multiple entry Tourist and Business Visa, biometric enrolment and interview will be mandatory. Those arriving in India without Visas bearing the correct validity dates and number of entries are subject to deportation.


    e-Visa has three sub categories:
    • e-Tourist Visa: Valid for recreation, sightseeing, casual visit to meet friends or relatives, and attending a short term yoga programme visits.
    • e-Business Visa: Valid for sll activities permitted under normal Business Visa as per the Visa Manual.
    • e-Medical Visa: Valid for medical treatment, including treatment under Indian systems of medicine.

    *Special Note: A foreign national will also be permitted to club these activities provided he/she has clearly indicated the same in the application form along with requisite documents.

    • International Travellers whose sole objective of visiting India is recreation, sightseeing, casual visit to meet friends or relatives, short duration medical treatment or casual business visit.
    • Passport should have at least six months validity from the date of arrival in India. The passport should have at least two blank pages for stamping by the Immigration Officer.
    • International Travellers should have return ticket or onward journey ticket, with sufficient money to spend during his/her stay in India.
    • International Travellers having Pakistani Passport or Pakistani origin may please apply for regular Visa at Indian Mission.
    • Not available to Diplomatic/Official Passport Holders.
    • Not available to individuals endorsed on Parent’s/Spouse’s Passport i.e. each individual should have a separate passport.
    • Not available to International Travel Document Holders.
    • Duration of e-Visa is 60 days from the date of arrival in India.
    • International Travellers are allowed to apply for e-Visa 120 days in advance from their date of arrival.
    • The Indian Visa fee varies on the duration and type of Visa applied.
    • e-Visa can be availed for maximum of two times in a calendar year i.e. between January to December.
    • Double entry is permitted on e-Tourist Visa and e-Business Visa. Triple entry will be permitted on e-Medical Visa.
    e-Visa facility is available for nationals of following countries/territories
    • Andorra
    • Angola
    • Anguilla
    • Antigua & Barbuda
    • Albania
    • Austria
    • Argentina
    • Armenia
    • Aruba
    • Australia
    • Azerbaijan
    • Bahamas
    • Barbados
    • Belgium
    • Belize
    • Bolivia
    • Bosnia & Herzegovina
    • Botswana
    • Brazil
    • Burundi
    • Brunei
    • Bulgaria
    • Cambodia
    • Camaroon
    • Canada
    • Cape Verde
    • Cayman Island
    • Chile
    • China
    • China- SAR Hongkong
    • China- SAR Macau
    • Colombia
    • Comoros
    • Cook Islands
    • Costa Rica
    • Cyprus
    • Cote d'lvoire
    • Croatia
    • Cuba
    • Czech Republic
    • Denmark
    • Djibouti
    • Dominica
    • Dominican Republic
    • East Timor
    • Ecuador
    • El Salvador
    • Eritrea
    • Estonia
    • Fiji
    • Finland
    • France
    • Gabon
    • Gambia
    • Georgia
    • Germany
    • Ghana
    • Greece
    • Grenada
    • Guatemala
    • Guinea
    • Guyana
    • Haiti
    • Honduras
    • Hungary
    • Iceland
    • Indonesia
    • Ireland
    • Israel
    • Italy
    • Jamaica
    • Japan
    • Jordan
    • Kenya
    • Kiribati
    • Laos
    • Latvia
    • Lesotho
    • Liberia
    • Liechtenstein
    • Lithuania
    • Luxembourg
    • Macedonia
    • Madagascar
    • Malawi
    • Malaysia
    • Mali
    • Malta
    • Marshall Islands
    • Mauritius
    • Mexico
    • Micronesia
    • Moldova
    • Monaco
    • Mongolia
    • Montenegro
    • Montserrat
    • Mozambique
    • Myanmar
    • Namibia
    • Nauru
    • Netherlands
    • New Zealand
    • Nicaragua
    • Niger
    • Niue Island
    • Norway
    • Oman
    • Palau
    • Palestine
    • Panama
    • Papua New Guinea
    • Paraguay
    • Peru
    • Philippines
    • Poland
    • Portugal
    • Republic of Korea
    • Republic of Macedonia
    • Romania
    • Russia
    • Rwanda
    • Saint Christopher and Nevis
    • Saint Lucia
    • Saint Vincent & the Grenadines
    • Samoa
    • Sierra Leone
    • San Marino
    • Senegal
    • Serbia
    • Seychelles
    • Singapore
    • Slovakia
    • Slovenia
    • Solomon Islands
    • South Africa
    • Spain
    • Sri Lanka
    • Suriname
    • Swaziland
    • Sweden
    • Switzerland
    • Taiwan
    • Tajikistan
    • Tanzania
    • Thailand
    • Tonga
    • Trinidad & Tobago
    • Turks & Caicos Island
    • Tuvalu
    • UAE
    • Ukraine
    • United Kingdom
    • Uruguay
    • USA
    • Vanuatu
    • Vatican City-Holy See
    • Venezuela
    • Vietnam
    • Zambia
    • Zimbabwe
    Entry with e-Visa
    • e-Visa is valid for entry through 24 designated Airports, which are, Ahmedabad, Amritsar, Bagdogra, Bengaluru, Calicut, Chennai, Chandigarh, Cochin, Coimbatore, Delhi, Gaya, Goa, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Jaipur, Kolkata, Lucknow, Mangalore, Mumbai, Nagpur, Pune, Varanasi, Trichy and Trivandrum. However, the tourists can take exit from any of the authorized Immigration Check Posts (ICPs) in India.
    • In addition, the e-Visa facilitation is available at five seaports namely Mumbai, Chennai, Kochi, Goa and Mangalore to enter India. However, the foreigner can take exit from any of the authorized Immigration Check Posts (ICPs) in India.
    • International Travellers with integrated trips to Nepal and Bhutan, travelling by surface, require a Regular Multiple Visa on their passports, as there are no facilities at border towns to check and facilitate the E-Tourist Visa.

    1. Nepal and Bhutan nationals entering India by land or air do not require a passport for entry in India. However, they are required to possess, authorized identity proof. Further, if they are entering India from a place other than their own country then possession of their national passport is a must.
    2. Maldives nationals visiting India for a short period or up to 90 days do not require Visa if they hold a valid passport issued by the Government of Maldives. The period of 90 days shall include any prior period of stay of such foreigner on Tourist Visa Sticker in India during a period of six months immediately preceding the date of his/her entry into India.
    3. In addition to the e-Visa, Japanese nationals have been extended with Visa- on-Arrival facility at six airports namely Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata, Bangalore and Hyderabad. This facility can be availed for the purposes of Business, Tourism, Conference and Medical with a validity period of 60 days. Japanese nationals availing Visa-on-Arrival are permitted double entry.
    4. Long Term multiple entry Tourist Visa and Business Visa is granted to nationals of USA, Canada and Japan for a period of 10 years.
    5. Applicant should carry a copy of Electronic Travel Authorization (ETA) along with him/her at the time of travel. Please confirm that your ETA status is shown as 'GRANTED' on this website prior to commencement of your journey. Applicants can track the status of their application online by clicking Visa Status.
    6. Biometric details of the applicant will be mandatorily captured at Immigration on arrival in India.
  • Airport & Customs
    For Time before Departure
    Domestic Flights 75 Minutes
    International Flights 150 Minutes

    In domestic flights in India, penknives and other sharp objects, liquids, matchboxes and lighters, batteries and some electronic items are not allowed in your cabin baggage, so pack them into your check-in luggage, or they will probably be either confiscated or taken away from you only to be returned at the other end of the flight.

    As with airports all over the world in this era, security checks are stringent, and you and your luggage may be searched more than once before you get on the plane. At some places, it may be necessary to identify your baggage on the tarmac before it is loaded on to the aircraft.

    Baggage Allowance

    As per the rules and regulations of the Aviation Ministry, passengers can carry a limited weight of luggage with them. There may be few changes in the rules of domestic and international flights regarding the baggage allowance (Checked/Hand baggage).

    • International flights to India
      • Checked baggage allowance for international flights to India varies as per the class of travel such as for adults and children travelling n the Business Class permissible per person limit is upto 40 kilograms and in Economy (Coach) class it is 30 Kilograms.
      • Hand baggage allowance for international flights to India is upto 7 Kilograms.
    • Domestic Flights
      • Checked baggage allowance for domestic flights within India is different as per the class of travel such as for adults and children travelling in the Business Class permissible per person limit is upto and 30 kilograms and in Economy (Coach) class it is 15 - 20 kilograms
      • Hand baggage allowance for domestic flights within India is upto 7 Kilograms.
    For infants baggage allowance varies between 0-10 Kilograms depending on the flight carrier.

    Please note the baggage allowance limits as given above are to be taken as an indication since these are carrier regulated and might differ between carriers or between flight sectors or change with amendments in airlines policies. Detailed information regarding the permissible baggage limits is generally displayed on the official website of most of the airlines and may be consulted before taking the flight to the desired destination

    Airport Departure Tax

    Airport departure tax is usually included in your international tickets and does not have to be paid at the airport.

    Customs On Arrival

    There are two customs clearance channels. The green channel is for travellers carrying no dutiable items while the red channel is for travellers carrying dutiable items.

    Note: Officials are liable to carry out sudden spot check on passengers passing through the green channel.

    Customs Formalities

    Visitors in possession of more than US$ 5000 (or equivalent) foreign currency notes and/ or more than US$ 10,000 (or equivalent) of traveller cheques, bank notes or currency notes are required to obtain a Currency Declaration Form before leaving customs.

    Duty Free

    Duty free items which you may bring to India include personal effects like clothing and other articles but not if this is commercial merchandise. All expensive electronic equipments must be declared at the customs which will be rechecked on departure. Visitors may bring in free of duty 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250 grams of tobacco and 2 litres of alcohol.

    Mishandled / Lost Baggage

    If your baggage is mishandled or lost in transit, obtain a certificate to this effect from the airline and have it countersigned by the customs.

  • Travel Insurance

    It is strongly recommended that you purchase travel insurance to protect yourself against any mishap or unforeseen circumstance that could occur prior to or during your travels. It is important that you carry a copy of your policy with you while you travel so that you can refer to it should you need to make a claim.

  • Health

    No vaccinations are necessary to travel to India, however, foreign tourists should be in possession of a Yellow Fever Vaccination certificate conforming to International health regulations, if they are originating or travelling through Yellow Fever endemic countries.

    • Medical treatment in India is inexpensive by European or North American standards, though India has a pool of some of the best doctors in the world. Most hotels have a doctor on call.
    • Carry a kit containing sunscreens and other lotions for protection from the sun, insect repellents and sting relief creams, water sterilising tablets and medicines for possible stomach upsets or indigestion.
    • To protect yourself from mosquitoes when outdoors in the evenings, use an insect repellent on exposed skin, and wear socks, trousers and long-sleeved shirts.
    Hospitals & Chemists

    There are state-operated facilities in all towns and private consultants and specialists in urban areas. It is recommended to carry your own medicines, since all medications in India are locally manufactured and you may not find the same brand names. There are very good drug stores and doctors everywhere, and they can advise on substitute medication. If the necessity arises, ask your hotel to recommend a doctor.

  • Electricity

    Voltage in most places is 220v AC, 50 Hz. Socket sizes vary, so it is recommended to carry adapters.

  • Currency

    The Indian currency is Rupee, abbreviated as Rs, which is divided into 100 paisa. The Rupee notes come in denominations of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1000. Coins are in denominations of Rupee 1, 2, 5 and 10.

    Currency Exchange

    Foreign currency regulations are strict. Currency in excess of US$ 5000 and an aggregate total of US$10,000 and above (including cash, bank notes and traveller cheques) has to be declared at the time of entry. Only change money at banks or authorised foreign exchange dealers. There are 24-hour currency exchange facilities available at all international hotels and airports. Please also note that changing money in the more remote areas can be difficult; it is best to exchange currency in the metro city locations.

    Credit Cards

    Diners, Master, Visa and American Express credit cards are widely accepted.

  • Languages

    English enjoys associate status but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication. The official language of the Indian Union is Hindi, which is the primary tongue of 30% of the people. Besides Hindi, some of the other official languages include Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri and Sindhi.

  • Business Hours

    Government Offices/Shops: Monday – Friday, 10:00 – 17:00 hrs

    Banks: Monday – Saturday, 1000 – 1500 (except second and fourth Saturdays)

    Some commercial offices operate on a five-day week, with Saturdays and Sundays off. Others work a half-day on Saturdays. Office hours tend to be 09:30 – 18:00 hrs.

    Shops do not have any standard timings. In major metros, you may find malls and department stores open until 20:00 hrs, seven days a week. Shops in business areas tend to close a little after office closing time. In tourist areas, you will probably find small stores open late into the evening. In many small towns, shops would tend to close around 20:00 hrs.

    Restaurants and bars have different closing hours in different states. In most parts of the country, this would be around midnight or even earlier. The only food establishments legally open 24 hours a day are coffee shops in five-star hotels.


  • Religion & Social Customs

    India is a secular country and all religions are treated equally. Though the majority of people follow Hinduism, there are large minorities of other religions. Travellers should respect customs and traditions when travelling in India and the Subcontinent. Places of worship and religious ceremonies are particularly sensitive. Please dress modestly and note that you will be required to remove your shoes before entering a place of worship. It is disrespectful to touch a carving or statue of a deity. For religious reasons, touching local people on the head or directing the soles of your feet at a person are both considered taboo. When visiting Buddhist temples and religious, sites please try and remember to walk around them in a clockwise direction. Please also remember to use your right hand when greeting someone, eating or passing money.

  • Tipping

    Tipping is at the discretion of the guests. It is usually advisable to tip waiters, porters and guides. Most hotels include a service charge on their bills. Where this is not done, a tip of 10% is customary.

  • Valuables

    Travel with the absolute minimum. It is not advisable to carry valuable jewellery. Money should be taken in traveller’s cheques, with the receipt numbers retained separately in case they are lost or stolen. Cash kept on your person should be minimum. Where possible, leave any valuables, documents and passports in your hotel safety deposit box. Your luggage is particularly vulnerable at airports, railway stations or where crowds gather.

  • Food & Water

    Only drink bottled water and always check that the seal is secure. Mineral water is readily available. Avoid food and drink from street vendors and restaurants that look suspect with their refrigeration and sanitary practices.

  • Climate & Weather Chart
    • Northern Plains & Rajasthan 
    • East 
    • Western & Karnataka 
    • South East 
    • South West 

    Between October and March, days are normally warm and sunny while nights are much cooler, particularly in December and January. The pre-monsoon months of May and June are very warm (air-conditioned transport is recommended), while the rains usually arrive in July and continue to early September.


    Max av temp (C) 23 26 32 38 42 40 35 33 34 34 29 24
    Min av temp (C) 7 10 16 21 27 29 27 26 24 19 12 8
    Av rain (mm) 8 8 3 4 21 42 148 148 99 21 2 7


    Max av temp (C) 20 24 29 36 39 39 35 34 34 33 28 23
    Min av temp (C) 8 10 16 21 26 28 28 27 25 19 13 9
    Av rain (mm) 17 19 11 9 18 63 120 160 88 10 4 7


    Max av temp (C) 22 25 31 37 40 40 34 33 34 34 29 24
    Min av temp (C) 9 12 17 22 26 28 26 25 24 20 14 10
    Av rain (mm) 6 9 2 6 9 36 128 139 51 15 2 3


    Max av temp (C) 22 26 32 36 36 33 32 32 32 33 29 26
    Min av temp (C) 13 13 17 23 27 27 26 26 24 21 15 9
    Av rain (mm) 8 8 4 3 8 7 144 167 250 23 3 4
    Recommended Clothing

    Lightweight cottons and linens suffice throughout summer and most winter days, with warmer clothes needed for December and January, and winter nights. Waterproof clothing is required during monsoons.


    Max av temp (C) 26 29 33 36 36 34 33 33 33 32 30 27
    Min av temp (C) 13 16 21 25 26 26 26 26 26 24 19 14
    Av rain (mm) 10 15 34 37 108 211 250 247 214 120 29 5

    Temperatures are very comfortable between November and February, although evenings can be cold. Summers can be extremely hot, with monsoon rains between mid-June and mid-September.


    Max av temp (C) 31 31 33 33 34 32 30 30 31 33 34 32
    Min av temp (C) 17 18 21 24 27 27 26 25 25 24 21 19
    Av rain (mm) 2 1 1 2 14 354 344 381 239 64 4 2
    Recommended Clothing

    Lightweight cottons and linens are fine through most of the year, with warmer clothes needed for cooler winters and waterproof clothing essential for monsoons.

    Tamil Nadu experiences higher temperatures and humidity than the north throughout the year, though the hill areas can be cold in winter. The north-east monsoon falls between October and December. Andhra Pradesh, including Hyderabad, is hot throughout the year and humid in summer. Winter is much cooler.


    Max av temp (C) 29 31 34 36 38 37 35 35 34 32 30 29
    Min av temp (C) 21 22 24 26 28 28 26 26 25 24 23 22
    Av rain (mm) 14 5 4 19 49 54 74 100 104 221 267 118


    Max av temp (C) 29 32 36 38 39 34 31 30 31 31 29 28
    Min av temp (C) 16 18 22 25 26 24 23 22 22 21 18 15
    Av rain (mm) 9 7 15 15 26 87 138 149 84 80 20 4
    Recommended Clothing

    Lightweight cottons and linens suffice most of the year, with waterproof clothing required during the monsoon. Warmer clothes are required during winter, particularly in the hills.

    South-west India experiences its most pleasant weather between November and March. Monsoon rains normally arrive in late April and last until July. Summer temperatures are lower than in northern India, although humidity is higher. There are normally cooling breezes along the coast and at the hill stations, due to their altitude. Inland, Mysore and Bijapur have pleasant climates with relatively low rainfall.


    Max av temp (C) 32 32 33 33 32 30 29 29 30 31 31 32
    Min av temp (C) 23 24 26 26 26 24 24 24 24 24 24 23
    Av rain (mm) 17 18 19 72 184 484 353 274 141 283 105 30


    Max av temp (C) 32 32 32 33 34 30 29 29 30 32 33 33
    Min av temp (C) 20 21 23 25 26 25 24 24 24 24 23 21
    Av rain (mm) 3 0 0 4 55 585 650 395 154 85 8 4
    Recommended Clothing

    Lightweight clothing suffices all year round, with warmer clothes required for cooler evenings, particularly in winter. Waterproof clothing is necessary during monsoons.

  • Communication

    India has both GSM and CDMA cellular phone systems. Reception is usually clear in urban areas, but can get patchy or non-existent in remote parts of the country. If you plan to use international roaming, check with your phone service provider on whether they have tie-ups with any Indian providers that will give you favourable roaming rates. If you use a GSM phone, you may want to consider buying an Indian phone card to use for your trip. You may buy a local SIM card by providing a copy of your passport and photo at the airport, or request our representative to assist you with the same.

    Landline telephone calls to most countries are now direct. Fax and Telex facilities are now ubiquitously available. Internet facilities are also easily available in most cities and tourist centres, in cybercafés and business centres, but free wireless connectivity is rare.

    Connectivity – wireless or conventional broadband – in five-star hotels tends to be many times more expensive than cybercafés in the same areas though some hotels are now Wi-Fi enabled and offer it complimentary.

    The Indian postal service is huge; you’re likely to find post offices in the most remote towns. You can usually buy stamps and leave letters for posting at most hotels.



  • Recommended Packing List
    • Tickets / Passports / Money / Visas
    • Good quality sunglasses (preferably polarized and UV protected — tinted fashion glasses are not good in strong light)
    • Wide-brimmed Hat (Baseball caps do not offer the sun protection that wide-brimmed hats do, but either is fine)
    • Camera equipment & additional memory cards
    • SPF30 sun Block
    • Insect repellent and/or anti-malaria medication
    • Prescription medication, aspirin and anti-diarrhoea medication
    • Basic Medical Kit (Bandages, Imodium, Antiseptic Cream, etc.)
    • Hand sanitizer
    • Lip Balm / good Moisturizing Lotion / Hair Conditioner
    • Other personal toiletries
    • Comfortable walking shoes / flip flops / sandals
    • Swim wear
    • Light rain gear
    • T-shirt & Long-sleeved Cotton shirt
    • Long pants/ skirts
    • Clothing in lightweight fabrics (linen, cotton) and light colours (white, beige)
    • Track suit
    • Underwear & socks
    • One smart Casual outfit
    • Binoculars (if game viewing is part of your itinerary)
    • Prescription glasses & Extra Contacts – if you wear contact lenses, your eyes may get irritated by the dust
  • Legal Drinking Age

    As per Indian constitution, alcohol is a subject in the State List. Hence, the laws governing alcohol vary from state to state.